Winston Churchill was one of the greatest politicians of the last century. Apart from being a well-known public figure, Churchill was highly talented and even got a Noble prize in Literature in 1901.
Winston Churchill was born in 1874, Woodstick, in the aristocratic family of the Dukes. Young Churchill was taught at home firstly and then sent to St.George’s school. The boy was rebellious and obviously was not a good student. He continued his study at Harrow School for boys and then entered the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. (далее…)
Vincent Van Gogh was one of the greatest painters of the XIX century. Van Gogh was born in 1853 in Holland; however, he spent most of his life in France.
Van Gogh’s life could hardly be considered the happy one. He was mentally ill and was aggressive from time to time. During one of his fits of nerves he cut a part of his ear off. Although Van Gogh went into a mental hospital several times, his state didn’t become any better. Furthermore, the great artist lived a rather short life. In 1890 he shot himself after pronouncing his last words: “The sadness will continue”. (далее…)
Mark Zuckerberg is an American programmer who was the cofounder of a famous social networking website – Facebook. Nowadays, he is one of the World’s youngest billionaires.
Mark was born in 1984, in White Plains, New York. He is one of 4 children in the family. However, he wasn’t neglected by his parents and had an absolutely comfortable childhood. It was obvious that young Mark was extremely talented. He began to show an interest in computers very early and at the age of 12 he created a messaging program “Zucknet” which was used in his father’s dental office. The program helped his father to call new patients without yelling across the room. (далее…)
Joanne Rowling is one of the most famous modern British authors. Her series of fantasy books about Harry Potter brought her fame and made millions of people happy. All “Harry Potter” books were adapted into films that had a great success.
J.K.Rowling was born on July 31, 1965 in Yate, England. She had a difficult childhood because her mother was often ill so young Joanne had to take care of herself and her sister as well. Nevertheless, she started writing fiction at the age of 9 and read her stories to the sister. Joanne greatly admired Jessica Mitford (English author and journalist) whose biography inspired her to become a writer. Rowling wanted to resemble her idol. (далее…)
Princess Diana was an iconic figure of the late 20th century. She was loved and respected by millions of people and was the symbol of honour, kindness and sympathy. Diana was also a good mother and a precious member of the Royal Family.
Diana Francis Spencer was born on July, 1, 1961 in an aristocratic family linked to the Royal Family. She grew up in a family home of Park House and then moved to Althorp in 1975. Diana was not very good at studying, but she succeeded in music and ballet. (далее…)
Dali is one of the greatest artists of all time. He is famous for his extraordinary behaviour and long moustache. Salvador Dali is considered to be the most brilliant surrealist, although the artist himself said: ‘I don’t belong to surrealism, I am the surrealism’.
Dali was born on May, 11 1904 in Figueras, Spain. One year earlier his elder brother died so Dali was the only son in the family. Young Dali was given a good primary education by his father and began to show an interest in art at the age of 10. He started to create his first paintings and by the age of 15 he organised his first exhibition. (далее…)
Michael Jackson was an American singer, songwriter and legendary dancer. He was and is still known as the king of the pop scene. He became the idol of millions and was a grandee who had hundreds of different prizes among which there were 15 Grammy awards.
However, Michael’s childhood was not so happy. He was the seventh son in the family. His father was often cruel to him and regularly beat Michael and his brothers. Nevertheless, the cruelty of the father did not stop young Jackson from expressing his talent. His debut was in 1964 as a part of «The Jackson 5» in which he played music with his brothers. (далее…)
William Shakespeare is one of the most famous and certainly the greatest English writers. The author of “Hamlet and “Othello” was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. Young Shakespeare got a classical education and got married at the age of 18. His wife was a local girl, Anne Hathaway, who gave birth to their 3 children.
Nobody knew William Shakespeare before 1592 when he appeared in London as a playwriter. His first play was called «Titus Andronicus» after which he continued writing and created plays on historical themes, comedies and also wrote his first tragedy “Romeo and Juliet”.
During the first decade of the XVII Shakespear turned to tragedies and created his greatest ones: «Hamlet» «Othello» «Macbeth» and «King Lear». All of them had a great success. Moreover, William was an amazing poet known for his sonnets which are the poems consisting of 14 lines with a moral at the end. All his works deal with themes of love, friendship, death, change and immortality and often contain great philosophical ideas.
Shakespeare’s major activity was related to drama. He became a full shareholder in his acting company and was a co-owner of «the Globe» and «the Blackfriars» theatres. “The Globe” theatre was and still is one of the best theatres in the world. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 but his works are still read and performed on stage or adapted into films.
Уильям Шекспир – один из самых знаменитых и, несомненно, великих английских писателей. Автор «Гамлета» и «Отелло» родился в 1564 году в Стратфорд-он-Эйвон. Молодой Шекспир получил классическое образование и женился в возрасте 18 лет. Его женой была провинциальная девушка, Энн Хэтуэй, которая родила ему 3 детей.
Никто не знал об Уильяме Шекспире до 1592 года, когда он проявил себя в Лондоне в качестве драматурга. Его первая пьеса называлась «Тит Андро́ник», после которой он продолжил писать и создавал исторические пьесы, комедии и свою первую трагедию «Ромео и Джульетта».
В первом десятилетии 17 века Шекспир обратился к трагедии и создал свои лучшие пьесы: «Гамлет», «Отелло», «Макбет» и «Король Лир». Все они имели огромный успех. Более того, Уильям был удивительным поэтом, известным своими сонетами (стихотворения, состоящие из 14 строк и завершающиеся моралью). Все его работы освещали темы любви, дружбы, смерти, перемены и бессмертия и часто содержали философские идеи.
Основная часть творчества Шекспира была связана с драмой. Он стал полноправным акционером в своей актерской труппе и был совладельцем театров «Глобус» и «Блэкфраерс». Театр «Глобус» был и до сих пор остается одним из лучших театров в мире. Шекспир умер в апреле 1616 года, но его работы по сей день читаются, показываются на сцене и по ним снимают фильмы.
Интересные выражения и слова:
local girl – провинциальная девушка
playwriter – драматург
play – пьеса
to turn to – приниматься/браться за…
to deal with – иметь дело с…, касаться
immortality – бессмертие
shareholder – акционер
co-owner – совладелец
Dan Brown is an American writer, author of thriller-fiction novels, including the Da Vinci Code, which has become one of the bestselling novels of all time. His books have been translated in more than 50 languages and some of the novels have been adapted into films (The Da Vinci Code, Angels & Demons and the most recent – Inferno).
Brown’s novels are appreciated for the language and mainly the content. He uses themes of keys, codes and symbols and historical themes and Christianity are his leitmotivs. The protagonist of his novels is Robert Langdon, specialist in simbolism and cryptography, gets involved in different mysteries that he should solve. (далее…)
Victoria was the queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and also the empress of India from 1819 to 1901. She was the last of the House of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. During her reign the English monarchy took on its modern ceremonial character.
Queen Victoria ruled for the longest period in English history – for 64 years. Although Victoria ascended the throne at a time when the United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy in which the king or queen held few political powers, she still served as a very important symbolic figure of her time. (далее…)